Modern drawings and other depictions of the devil originated from the ancient Greek god, Pan. His body had human form from the waist up, but it looked like a goat from there downwards. He also had horns and some say a short tail.
With his homeland in rustic Arcadiahe is also recognized as the god of fields, groves, wooded glens and often affiliated with sex; because of this, Pan is connected to fertility and the season of spring. The ancient Greeks also considered Pan to be the god of theatrical criticism. In Roman religion and mythPan's counterpart was Faunusa nature god who was the father of Bona Deasometimes identified as Fauna ; he was also closely associated with Sylvanusdue to their similar relationships with woodlands.
An ancient statue of Pan having sex with a nanny goat has brought up an age-old problem: How do you present an erotic work of art to the public? The British Museum in London believes it has solved the problem by posting a warning sign. According to The Times of London, the museum plans to keep the sculpture in plain sight for the duration of the Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum exhibit March Sept.
James Robson does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. A new exhibition at the British Museum promises to lift the lid on what beauty meant for the ancient Greeks. But while we gaze at the serene marble statues on display — straining male torsos and soft female flesh — are we seeing what the ancients saw?
Originally a pastoral god from Arcadia and depicted as a wild deity with the horns and hooves of a goat, Pan was believed to dwell in the mountains and forests of ancient Greece. His early representations on Greek pottery from around BCE depicted him as a goat, standing upright on his hind legs. In later arts, he acquires a human upper body and head, although still retains his goat horns, and is often in the company of Maenads and Satyrs.
The history of zoophilia and bestiality begins in the prehistoric erawhere depictions of humans and animals in a sexual context appear infrequently in European rock art. Explicit legal prohibition of human sexual contact with animals is a legacy of the Abrahamic religions :  the Hebrew Bible imposes the death penalty on both the person and animal involved in an act of bestiality. With the Age of Enlightenmentbestiality was subsumed with other sexual " crimes against nature " into civil sodomy laws, usually remaining a capital crime.
The sexual habits of people in Ancient Greece — from prostitution to pillow talk — are explored in a new book written by Paul Chrystal. Exploring the many layers of sex and sexuality in various Greek societies — from the Minoan civilisation through to Sparta and Hellenistic Greece — In Bed with the Ancient Greeks examines homosexuality, pederasty, mythological sex and sex in Greek philosophy and religion. In the beginning was sex.
By Alice VincentEntertainment writer, online. An erotic statue has caused the British Museum to install a "parental guidance" warning in their new exhibition, Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum. The sculpture is of the mythical half-goat, half-man Pan having sex with a nanny goat. The Times reports that the museum is determined to display the object in plain sight, rather than hidden behind a curtain or in a "museum secretum" — a restricted area for those aged over 14 in the Naples Museum.
The Great God Pan. The Call of Pan. I want you to forget right and wrong; to be as happy as the beasts, as careless as the flowers and the birds.